Mediterranean cuisine is not the result of a specific culture or ethnic group. It is more the culinary collaboration of a diverse range of people that live in the Mediterranean Sea region.
The term Mediterranean means “in the middle of earth” or “between lands” as it is between the continents of Africa and Europe. Twenty one countries have a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. Quite a bit of diversity to explore in one cuisine!
Our class concentrated on the eastern side of the Mediterranean.
Chef Carol Cotner Thompson began this week’s culinary class by demystifying the term “Mezze” which means, “to eat with pleasure.” It is the pleasure of savoring little bites of food, accompanied by feelings of peace and serenity.
The Oxnard Companion of Food traces the roots of “Mezze” to Persia, where wine was the center of an emotional and esthetic experience that also included other forms of entertainment, such as food and music. No matter how you define it, mezze is a fabulous idea for enjoying food with friends and family.
Most European food begins on a subtle note, builds with each course, then crescendos to a finale. Not so with Mediterranean food! It starts with a bang.. like if you played the Hallelujah Chorus in reverse.
Mediterranean food places an emphasis on fresh fruits and vegetables, poultry and seafood, nuts, rice, grains, beans and pastas.
Grilling or broiling seems to be the cooking method of choice, with olive oil being the most prevalent fat used.
Here are a few of our Mediterranean dishes that we made.
Cooking tomatoes, wine, garlic, parsley and shallots for the
Greek Roasted Shrimp with Feta Cheese dish.
Making Chicken Souvlaki by marinating chicken in lemon juice, garlic, and olive oil – a prevalent combination in Greek cuisine.
Rolled out dough is filled with a feta and herb mixture to make these amazing
Egyptian Cheese Turnovers.
I made the Baba Ganoush and Hummus. Chef Carol showed us how to plate the two dips by creating caverns in the dip to hold the olive oil and create visual interest.
Fattoush Salad is a very light and refreshing herb bread salad. Pizza dough was used to grill Flat Bread. Click here for dough recipe.
The Greek Moussaka is one of the class favorites. The Mediterranean White Bean Salad is easy to make and can be served with shrimp or on flat bread.
Rona had to grind leg of lamb for the Kibbeh Kabobs. (Looks like she was working out some personal frustrations.) We both had to revisit our culinary charcuterie nightmare from Class#15 of Pro Chef 1. Click here to hear Rona’s side of the story on her blog.
My favorite dish of the day was M’hanncha – Snake Pastry. While reading the name, I thought I would finally be able to put those garden snakes in my backyard to good use. To my dismay, there wasn’t any snakes in the recipe, just figs rolled in filo dough and coiled like a snake. If you like baklava, you will love this Moroccan dessert.
Don’t let the length of this recipe scare you. It is time consuming, but not difficult.
Blend the filling in a food processor, place in buttered filo dough, then roll up like a snake. It’s similar to making cinnamon rolls.
Arrange the roll “seam side down” in a coil like a snake. Brush with egg yolks before cooking.
Once out of the oven, sprinkle with powdered sugar. Wait until cool to make cutting easier.
- 8 ounces moist dried figs, (soak overnight in water or tea, drain before using)
- 7 ounces almond paste, cut into ~-inch pieces
- ¼ teaspoon anise seed (optional)
- zest of 1 lemon, very finely chopped
- 3 tablespoons sugar
- 2 tablespoons honey
- 15 sheets filo (the sheets should be 17 inches long, if possible), room temperature
- 2 large egg yolks
- 6 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted and lukewarm
- powdered sugar and candied lemon zest for serving
- Preheat the oven to 375°.
- Generously butter the bottom and sides of a 9-inch cake pan with some melted butter. Unfold the fila and lay it out on the work surface. Cover with plastic wrap and a damp towel to prevent it from drying out.
- To prepare the filling, trim the hard stems from the figs and discard. Place the figs, almond paste, anise seed, lemon zest, sugar and honey in the bowl of a food processor and process until the mixture is very finely chopped. It should not be ground to a homogenous paste. Set aside.
- Place the egg yolks in a small bowl and stir, just to blend.
- To assemble the snake pastry, place a fila sheet on the work surface, with one of the long sides toward you. Brush the surface lightly with melted butter. Place another sheet of fila on top and brush lightly with melted butter. Repeat with one more sheet of filo dough. Take a fifth of the fig mixture and make a long, even mound with it on the fila, about one inch from the edge nearest you, that extends all the way out to the two short edges of the dough. Fold the bottom of the fila over the filling, then proceed to roll it up, jelly roll fashion, to within one inch of the opposite long edge. Do not try to roll it very tightly or the fila will crack. Brush a small amount of egg yolk along the top edge, then continue to roll the dough on top of it, so the seam side is down. Arrange the roll, seam side down, along the outer edge of the buttered cake pan. Brush the inside of the roll with a light coating of egg yolk.
- Note: I found it easier to start from the center of the pan and work out.
- Prepare 4 more rolls as directed above, then place each one in the cake pan, extending the coil by attaching the new roll to the end of the last roll with a dab of egg yolk. Again, brush the inside of each roll with egg yolk so that as the rolls coil around and touch each other, they will adhere to both the roll behind them as well as in front of them - this is very important when slicing the pastry for serving.
- Brush the final roll with egg everywhere except the bottom before you put it in the pan, as the last roll fits snugly and there will not be room to add the egg later. The last roll should curl tightly around itself, filling the center of the pan. Brush the top of the pastry evenly with the remaining egg yolk. Place the pan in the oven and bake for 25 to 30 minutes, or until a lovely golden color. Remove from the oven and place on a rack to cool completely.
- To unmold, run a thin sharp knife around the edges of the pan, loosening any fila that may have stuck. Gently set a plate upside down on top of the cake pan, then, holding the pan and plate together, flip the two over. The pastry should slide out onto the plate.
- Note: If the pastry sticks to the bottom of the pan, place the pan in a hot oven or over a burner for a few seconds, just long enough to warm and loosen the butter and egg, then try turning it out again.
- Place your serving platter upside down on top of the pastry, then flip the two over so that the pastry is right side up.
- Dust the top of the snake very lightly with powdered sugar. Use a thin, sharp knife to cut wedges of the pastry, transferring each to a plate using a pie wedge or cake server.
- Store at room temperature, lightly covered with plastic wrap or foil, for up to 4 days.
The bright flavor of dried apricots are a perfect pairing with the sweet, slightly bitter essence of almond paste. Try to find the tart, California dried apricots for this recipe. If your only option is the Mediterranean or Turkish variety, reduce the sugar in the recipe to 1 tbsp. Otherwise, follow the recipe above, substituting 8 oz. dried apricots for the figs and the finely chopped zest of 1 orange for the lemon. Omit the anise seed altogether. Garnish with candied orange zest.
“One of the basic Mediterranean creeds is the enjoyment, respect and pleasure of food.” – Nicki Heverling
Sounds like a great philosophy for the other areas of our life as well.
…and then she paused for thought.